cinta senese pig characteristics

The main cured meats produced with the Cinta Senese breed are dry-cured ham, Tuscan salami, Pancetta, Lardo and Capocollo. Genetics-Reproduction Article. The head is of medium size with ears directed forward and down. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals. According to herdbook data recorded by ANAS, the age of sows at first parturition is approximately 20 months, whereas age of culling is 54.3 months on average. Available from: https://www.intechopen.com/books/european-local-pig-breeds-diversity-and-performance-a-study-of-project-treasure/cinta-senese-pig. The meat of Cinta Senese is slightly different from that of light pigs; it is in fact quite thin, dark, with pinkish fatty tissue. The Cinta Senese breed is very unusual in appearance as it has a black coat with a white sash (called a cinta in italian) that runs across its shoulders, sides and front legs. The forest, when present, is used for grazing throughout the year from farmers. In the female the breasts must be not less than 10, regularly spaced, with normal nipples (Table 1). The aim of this trial was to identify the effect of feeding pigs chestnut on some meat and fat characteristics. The sensory characteristics of meat are mainly influenced by the acidic composition of the adipose tissue which is affected, as well as the genetic component, also by the diet. Pigs belonged to Cinta Senese (CS n=27) and Large White x Cinta Senese (LWxCS n=28) breeds and were reared outdoors Options Méditerranéennes, Series A, No. The meat of these Tuscan pigs is recognized in protected designation of origin (PDO) by the European Commission in 2012. Full text and references are available here: Cinta Senese pig. History and current status of Cinta Senese pig breed, one of the Italian autochthonous pig breeds. As we have said, it is very suitable for the production of preserved meat, but the recipes of fresh cuts are also very famous; in particular, the recipe of the porchetta in the wood-burning oven is characteristic (based on young specimens weighing 40-60 kg). Although the cured meat market is expanding, the Consortium focused on the PDO label of fresh meat, obtaining it. Casamonti, thanks to the high quality standards of its products, is quoted among the top best in Tuscany and has won various awards and recognitions and boasts fans and clients from across the world. This study was aimed to assess if protein restriction in growing can further increase meat’s fat without alter overall body fatness of obese pigs. Origins of Nero Siciliano pig date to Carthaginian domination and its rearing, after a setback during the Arab period, was rather diffused throughout Sicily. Cinta Senese, Pig, Polymorphisms, Coat colour, Meat quality Introduction Cinta Senese (CS) is a white belted pig breed originated in the Montagnola uplands near Siena, in Tuscany, Italy [1]. In the year 2000 the Consorzio di Cinta Senese, a voluntary group that determine the rules and regulations in which this heirloom pig should be raised, was created and by 2012 it was awarded DOP status. A study of project TREASURE, Marjeta Candek-Potokar and Rosa M. Nieto Linan, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.83762. The skin and bristles are black, except for a white band that surrounds the trunk at shoulder level, including the forelimbs. INTRODUCTION . pH measured in the longissimus muscle at 45 minutes and 24 hours post-mortem was approximately 6.4 and 5.7, respectively. Suino Sardo) is a local breed from Sardinia Island (Italy) with its ancestors dating back to to 2nd millennium BC. It is noted that neither the farming area nor that used for grazing are related to the number of animals bred. The latest slaughter pig prices in the most important pig markets. Stillborn percentage of piglets varies from 2.1 to 9.6%, whereas piglet mortality rate until weaning ranged from 4.7 up to 20.4% in the considered studies. Quite long solid limbs, typical of good walkers. Carolina Pugliese, Riccardo Bozzi, Maurizio Gallo, Claudia Geraci, Luca Fontanesi and Nina Batorek-Lukač (February 6th 2019). The Cinta Senese, from 160,000 pigs in the 1950s (Raimondi, 1954), dropped to a few 10s of sows in the late 1970s. Cinta Senese is a Tuscan pig breed, unique in the world. Blog about Casamonti and its natural products, including Chianti Classico D.O.C.G. 76 201 with the same feeding system. Medium-size (160-180 kg for sows and 200 kg for boars during reproduction). Mangalitsa is an autochthonous fatty type pig breed, created from the old Serbian Šumadinka breed. Census of Cinta Senese pig breed, presenting a number of sows and boars per year, starting with the year of herdbook establishment. Due to big differences between studies with regard to the live weight range covered, we defined the stages for growth performance as lactation (regardless of how long it was), growing stage (from weaning to approximately 30 kg live body weight) and early, middle and late fattening stages estimated between approximately 30 and 60 kg, 60 and 100 kg and above 100 kg live body weight, respectively. The Cinta Senese is the ancestor of the Tuscan pig breeds. The Casertana pig is a breed of domestic pig from Campania, in Southern Italy. History and current status of Cinta Senese pig breed, one of the Italian autochthonous pig breeds. The fresh meats they provide are transformed into those products that are typical of Tuscan tradition, and they all carry a plastic band that certifies the product’s origin by the consortium that controls the genetic heritage of the animals. A cinta pig is depicted in the fresco by Ambrogio Lorenzetti dating back to 1337 (called the “Buon Governo” – see the photograph) in the Palazzo Comunale in Siena’s Piazza del Campo. This French autochthonous breed, which almost disappeared, now enjoys a new boom. https://www.pig333.com/articles/breed-cards-cinta-senese-pig_15228 Physical, chemical and technological traits of dry-cured ham of Cinta Senese pigs reared outdoors and indoors. Moravka is a breed of combined production traits that was created as a result of unsystematic crossings of Šumadinka and Berkshire. Reproductive traits. Cinta Senese Pig, European Local Pig Breeds - Diversity and Performance. In the considered studies, daily gain in lactation period varied from 133 to 235 g/day. Information about the open-access article 'Characteristics of cured lard of Cinta Senese pig fed acorn and chestnut' in DOAJ. This SNP was proposed as suitable marker for differentiation of Cinta Senese pigs from other non-belted breeds and in agreement our results show a very high frequency of allele T in Cinta Senese (0.98), while most other breeds are fixed or almost fixed for the C allele. This trial was aimed to verify the effect of fattening with chestnut on carcass characteristics and on quality traits of products of Cinta Senese breed. Due to its modest demands, resilience and good adaptation to outdoor rearing, the Turopolje pig has been an important food source for the local population for centuries. Thirty-three Cinta Senese pigs were allotted into three groups. One group was fed a commercial feedstuff (0-CH), the other two groups were fed chestnut for one (1-CH) or three (3-CH) months. All the information about ASF in China, Belgium, Vietnam, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Russia, Mongolia, Hungary, Ukraine, Latvia... . Cinta Senese (photo Mario Giannone) Control group was reared in paddock and fed concentrate, while experimental group grazed on grass pasture with an integration of 1.4 kg/pig/d of concentrate. The DOP is reserved to the meat obtained from animals of pure Cinta Senese breed with certified origins that can only be raised in Tuscany and must be free range and fed with a combination of natural grazing and pelletted cereals that are guaranteed as free from all genetic modifications. (1/3), Type 1 PRRS virus evolution explained by Dr. Hans Nauwynck, The Netherlands exports fewer piglets to Germany and more to Spain, Japan accepts Hungary ASF regionalization for pork, Sow-related causes of regular returns to estrus, A picture is worth a thousand words when it comes to farm biosecurity. Saturated fatty acid content ranges from 35.4 to 39.0%, MUFA content from 47.6 to 53.4% and PUFA content from 8.2 to 17.0%, with very high n-6 to n-3 ratio (12.8–36.4). Carolina Pugliese. The fattening is always done outdoors, with various degrees of extensification. Lietuvos Baltosios senojo tipo pigs are remaining purebred pigs of local Lithuanian pig breed (Lietuvos Baltosios) adapted to the specific local environment and locally available feedstuffs. Cattle Farming Farm Animals Bing Images Pigs Beef Farming Pork Little Pigs. wines, Extra Virgin Olive Oil and … Thirty-three Cinta Senese pigs were reared indoors and allotted into three groups. Duration of lactation is prolonged in comparison to modern intensive systems (up to 60 days), which leads to a longer farrowing interval (from 203 to 281 days) and also higher piglet weaning weight (8.5–13.0 kg). The Cinta Senese is a medium-sized pig, with a light but solid skeleton (Figures 2 and 3). Cinta Senese sow with piglets (left) and boar (right). Wines, Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Cinta Senese D.O.P. However, in the context of the evaluation of growth performance, it is also of interest to observe the extreme values, because it can be assumed that the maximum figures exhibit the growth potentials of Cinta Senese pigs in ad libitum conditions of feeding (≈674 g/day in early fattening stage). In accordance to PDO rule that feed distribution should not exceed 2% of body weight, average daily feed intake reported in the considered studies was 2.7 kg/day in late fattening stage and 2.2–2.4 kg/day in the overall fattening stage. Negre Mallorquí pig is a native breed from Mallorca, characterized by its high rusticity and adaptation to the Mediterranean climatic conditions. The history and current status of Bísaro pig, a Portuguese native breed belonging to the Celtic line. Design of facilities and equipment for pig farms: building design, climate control, feeding systems, etc. It is supposed that in the history of pig domestication, complex factors such as men- One group was fed only commercial feed (0-CH); the other two groups were fed chestnut for one (1-CH) and three (3-CH) months before slaughtering. They include a comparison of nutritional values ​​from various sources, product, Articles on genetics and pig reproduction: genetic improvement, genomics, artificial insemination, use of hormones, Tool that allows you to calculate the replacement rate in your farm. The trial was performed to investigate on the effects of different periods of grass pasture in fattening Cinta Senese pigs; growth performances, carcass characteristics and meat quality were studied. The Consortium was created to save the race and to promote and guarantee the origin and distribution of the products obtained from this spectacular breed of animals. More similar to a wild boar, rather than to a common pig, this country pig has a dark coat and a real "belt" of pinkish color that surrounds its chest, withers, and front legs. Almost all Cinta Senese breeders are part of the Consortium of Protection of the Cinta Senese obtaining the protected denomination of origin of fresh meat, exclusively for pigs born, reared and slaughtered in Tuscany, and deriving from the mating of subjects recorded in the Register of the Cinta Senese genetic type. In order to post a comment you must be logged in. Tours and lunches are offered daily by appointment. Table 1. Extensive breeding, if practised with rational exploitation of forest resources (acorn and chestnut), can lead to the development of favourable aromas and, therefore, to products with excellent sensory properties. This is a totally natural process, and in the case of the prosciutto, for example, can last well more than two years. According to the PDO rule, after the fourth month of age, during which the piglets can receive daily food supplementation, the animals must be reared in extensive conditions. Few people, outside of Tuscany, actually know much about the Cinta Senese breed of pigs that was at the top of the list of endangered and "residual" species at risk of total extinction in the 1990’s, so we will give you a brief introduction. Download Free PDF. Cinta Senese pig reaches the slaughter weight of 150 kg . The introduction of improved breeds has reduced the Cinta Senese breeding to bring this breed, at the beginning of the eighties, to the brink of extinction. 15 years ago, when Tiziano Borghi was a plants merchant, he received 3 Cinta Senese pigs from a Tuscan friend. Description of the most important diseases and conditions in pigs, Definition for the most commonly used pig terms. The Cinta Senese is a medium-sized pig, with a light but solid skeleton ( Figures 2 and 3 ). The history and current status of Alentejano pig breed, a Portuguese autochthonous swine breed. PDF. Forty-six Cinta Senese pigs were used; 17 pigs were reared on wood pasture, 29 pigs were reared in pens and fed commercial mixtures. The products are cured in special rooms according to the length of time it takes them to be ready for consumption. News, events and news reports of the pig industry, The pig sector events all around the world, Pig health: news and articles on PRRS, PCV2, biosecurity, etc, Pig disease guide, atlas of pathology, clinical cases…. Ark of taste. E]Ì Ì Àvi The estate also produces fine Chianti Classico D.O.C.G. The limbs are thin but solid. Back to the archive > With its elongated face, black hair and a white stripe running all around its chest, the Cinta Senese (meaning belted from Siena) is the only Tuscan swine breed surviving to extinction. The skin and bristles are black, except for a white band that surrounds the trunk at shoulder level, including the forelimbs. Ni za razpečevanje at age variable from 12 to 24 months. Animals cannot be slaughtered before the twelfth month of life. Casamonti’s Cinte Senesi are bred free range in the woodlands and their daily diet is integrated with specially formulated cereal mixtures that vary according to their stages of development, although, truth be said, they prefer digging for a root or eating a wild mushroom to the easy food provided for them. The day after slaughter all right hams were processed in a commercial plant. 1. cinta senese pig - Bing Images. Being registered in pig333.com has many advantages and it's, Consortium of Protection of the Cinta Senese, Breed cards: Turopolje Pig (Turopoljska svinja), Breed cards: Negre Mallorquí (Majorcan Black) Pig, Breed cards: Mangalitsa (Swallow-Belly Mangalitsa) Pig, Breed cards: Lietuvos Baltosios Senojo Tipo. This band allows you to trace the final product all the way back to the original animal it was produced from. Strategies for feeding in pigs have a great importance in the determination of chemical, physical and sensorial characteristics of meat and of processed products . Slower growth rate can be contributed to the fact that according to PDO rules, Cinta Senese pigs should be reared in extensive conditions. The muzzle profile is long and straight, as it is usually found in tardy breeds. 1Measured from the tip of the nose to the starting point of the tail. Characteristics of cured lard of Cinta Senese pig fed acorn and chestnut. Cinta Senese piglets. Until the 1950's almost every family bred a Cinta, which was then used for its meat. Home. When they reach two years of age, they are taken to the butchery and then the meat is transformed directly in the estate salumificio (laboratory) into the typical Tuscan products that include salami, finocchiona, fresh sausage, seasoned pork loin, salt bacon, capocollo, cured lard, and the famous prosciutto. This chapter presents the history and the current state-of-the-art in the only Slovenian autochthonous pig breed - Krškopolje pig (Krškopoljski prašič). The weight is 300 and about 250 kg for boars and sows, respectively. Due to the intervention of local breeders and Protection Consortium and the active support of the public institutions as well as a detailed research activity carried out by the University of Florence, to date, 140 farms and about 5000 animals can be recognised (Figure 1). One particular breed of pig, the Cinta (meaning belt) Senese (of Siena) had almost been lost forever. 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