refugees in europe statistics 2020

In December 2011, the European Commission adopted a Communication on ‘Enhanced intra-EU solidarity in the field of asylum’ (COM(2011) 835 final). As such, the number of persons seeking asylum from non-EU countries in the EU-27 during the third quarter of 2020 amounted to 111 700 (Figure 1, Table 2). It also provides technical and operational support to EU Member States facing particular pressures (in other words, those EU Member States receiving large numbers of asylum applicants). The World Migration Report 2020 project commenced in May 2018 and culminated in the launch of the report in November 2019 by the Director General at the 110th session of IOM Council. European Union Refugee Statistics 1990-2021, European Union refugee statistics for 2019 was, European Union refugee statistics for 2018 was, European Union refugee statistics for 2017 was, European Union refugee statistics for 2016 was. The United States provides protection to certain persons who have been persecuted or have a well-founded fear of persecution through two programs: a refugee program for persons outside the United States and their eligible Since the government announced the expansion of the scheme on 7th September 2015, including the target of resettling an additional 20,000 refugees under the scheme by 2020, 19,768 … introducing an evaluation and early warning mechanism to detect and address emerging problems; making the supporting role of the EASO more effective; increasing the amount of funds available and making these more flexible, taking into account significant fluctuations in the number of asylum seekers; developing and encouraging the relocation of beneficiaries of international protection between different EU Member States. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. It reflects the reality that most migrants come to the EU through legal channels, which should be better matched to EU labour market needs. For more detailed information on decision outcomes please refer to Table 8. Data on first instance decisions relate to decisions on applications granted to all asylum applicants i.e. An upsurge of violence in Syria’s nine-year civil war raised fears of a new wave of refugees into Europe in early 2020. The most substantial relative decrease in the number of asylum applicants in the EU in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 was recorded for Albanians (77 % fewer), Iranians (68 % fewer), Georgians (67 % fewer), Russians (59 % fewer) and Salvadorans (58 % fewer) (Figure 2, Table 1). In total, 139,300 refugees and migrants arrived in Europe, the lowest number in five years. This page has been accessed 141,136 times. This pact provides a comprehensive approach, bringing together policy in the areas of migration, asylum, integration and border management, recognising that the overall effectiveness depends on progress on all fronts. The number of decisions on international protection issued by DGMM is not available. Statistics about the refugee crisis around the world. Please check your download folder. During the third quarter of 2020, 149 200 first instance decisions were made … For more information on developments in this regard please consult the recent reports “COVID-19 emergency measures in asylum and reception systems” (Issue No.1,Issue No.2,Issue No.3) published by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO). This plan aims to set-up a coordinated approach and commits all EU Member States to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. Due to the COVID-19 outbreak, and the related introduction of movement restrictions and border closures, some countries have applied certain administrative measures (e.g. By contrast, the number of asylum seekers increased most in Spain (1 100 more) and Romania and Austria (by 700 and 600 more asylum seekers respectively) in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019. In this report, the exact number of decisions has been used for calculations instead of the presented rounded numbers. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. In May 2010, the European Commission presented an action plan for unaccompanied minors (COM(2010) 213 final), who are regarded as the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration. World refugee statistics for 2016 was 22,527,930.00, a 5.38% increase from 2015. This represents a slight increase of 6% compared to the same period in 2018 (191,800). A number of directives in this area have been developed. The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, was a period characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union (EU) overseas from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe. European officials are scrambling to contain the fallout from Turkey's move over the weekend to open its western borders to more than 4 million refugees and migrants it has been hosting. The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). This chart shows the countries hosting the most refugees as of mid-2020. Migration has once again become one of the most important issues in Europe. Citizens of 135 countries, as well as stateless persons, sought asylum for the first time in the EU in the third quarter of 2020. refugees enter the EU materialised on 28 February 2020, when Turkey opened its borders with Greece, setting the scene for a new refugee crisis. The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). This page was last modified on 16 December 2020, at 15:10. Decisions on asylum applications. quarter of 2019 (Figure 3). Journeys of hope: what will migration routes into Europe look like in 2021? The number of first-time asylum applicants[1] in the EU-27 decreased by 30 % in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 and increased by 132 % compared with the second quarter of 2020. Overview of statistical practice Statistics are provided by the Directorate-General for Migration Management (DGMM) on the total number of international protection and temporary protection beneficiaries, as well as data on the registration of the latter across provinces. Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. Total decisions equal to positive decisions plus negative decisions. Rates of recognition for humanitarian status are not shown, but are part of the 'Total recognition rate'. Asylum Seekers in Europe August 2020 The main source of data covering Europe as a whole is the Eurostat database. ... Italy and Spain en route to Europe since 2015. … By contrast, Romania (132 % more), Slovakia (75 % more) and Bulgaria (47 % more) recorded the largest relative increases in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same World refugee statistics for 2017 was 25,376,316.00, a 12.64% increase from 2016. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the status of refugees (as amended by the 1967 New York Protocol) has, for over 60 years, defined who is a refugee, and laid down a common approach towards refugees that has been one of the cornerstones for the development of a common asylum system within the EU. During 2018, almost 32,400 refugees were submitted by UNHCR for resettlement to 20 countries in Europe. Every fall, the U.S. president sets a refugee ceiling – the maximum number of refugees who may enter the country in a fiscal year. France (with 13 600 fewer applicants) was the country with the largest absolute decrease in the number of first-time applicants, followed by Germany (with 10 000 fewer applicants) and Greece (with 9 100 fewer applicants). Full-time statisticians in UNHCR's Field Information and Coordination Section track the number of people forced to flee so that when a major displacement crisis erupts The swell of Syrians has pushed Turke… Data on asylum applications are collected monthly while data on first instance decisions are collected quarterly. Some 102,600 refugees returned to their countries of origin in the first half of 2020 while 17,400 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance). There was hope, this year, that Europe’s migrant crisis might abate. This provided proposals to reinforce practical, technical and financial cooperation, moving towards a better allocation of responsibilities and improved governance of the asylum system in the EU, namely through: In September 2020, the European Commission presented the New Pact on Migration and Asylum. Most of the 2,700 children in Greek reception centers have missed one to four years of school due to conflict in their home countries. Most settled in cities such as Istanbul, where they can find work. The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 22 EU Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. European Union refugee statistics for 2019 was 2,591,632.00, a 9.67% increase from 2018. 1 Refugee admissions into the U.S. have declined substantially during Donald Trump’s presidency. A staggering number of Syrians have escaped to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people. Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. As a complement to this action plan, the European Migration Network has produced a comprehensive EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors. Apart from statistics on first asylum applicants, these data are supplied in accordance with the provisions of Article 4 of the Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection. Bosnia and Herzegovina: UNHCR RBE – South Eastern Europe – Asylum Statistics – Summary of key trends observed (as of 30 November 2020) Bosnia and Herzegovina: UNHCR RBE – South Eastern Europe – Asylum Statistics – Summary of key trends observed (as of 31 October 2020) Four priorities for Burundian peacebuilders in 2021 Such optimism has now faded, replaced by a sobering realisation: 2020 could mark a new low. 79.5 million individuals have been forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence or human rights violations. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. All data presented in this publication are rounded to the nearest 5, and are provisional (except as otherwise stated) and may be subject to change. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. These five Member States accounted together for 91 % of all first instance decisions issued in the EU-27. In the year ending September 2020, just 396 refugees from conflict zones across the world were resettled in Britain via the Gateway Protection Programme. The highest number of first-time asylum applicants in the third quarter of 2020 was registered in Germany (with 27 200 first-time applicants, or 24 % of all first-time applicants in the EU Member States), followed by Spain (26 900, or 24 %), France (21 700, or 19 %) and Greece (8 600, or 8 %). Most first instance decisions in the EU-27 were issued to Colombians (24 500), followed by Venezuelans and Syrians (both 17 000), Afghans (9 600), Iraqis (5 500) and Pakistanis (4 800) (Table 7, Figure 5). The Situation. The number of asylum applicants decreased in most of the countries in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 (Table 2). first-time asylum applicants and repeated asylum applicants. In March 2019, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis to be at an end, although displaced people continued to arrive. UNHCR registered refugees by country/territory of asylum between mid-2016 and 2007 Country/territory of asylum Refugees per 1,000 inhabitants in mid-2015 2019 mid-2016 mid-2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 Afghanistan: 7.14 72,228 59,771: 205,558: 280,267: 72: 75: 66: 43: 37: 37: 42 Albania: 0.05 128 138: 154: 104: 96: 86: 82: 76: 70 Turkey is now taking steps to thin the number of refugees in its urban centers, recently moving more than 6,000 Syrians from Istanbul to temporary housing in other provinces. Of the 27,000 refugee present in Greece by the end of 2018, 57 percent live in urban areas. Syrian, Afghan and Venezuelan were the top 3 citizenships of asylum seekers, lodging 18 100, 11 200 and 9 600 applications respectively (Table 1). The number of asylum seekers in Europe has increased in recent years with a … World refugee statistics for 2018 was 25,899,611.00, a 2.06% increase from 2017. More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… In 2019, European countries12 recorded 672,935 new asylum seekers. Of the 11 200 Afghans, 31 % (3 400) applied for the first time for asylum in France. Syria has been the main country of origin for refugees since 2014 and at the end of 2019, there were 6.6 million Syrian refugees hosted by 126 countries worldwide. During the third quarter of 2020, 149 200 first instance decisions[3] were made by the national authorities of EU Member States. Directorate-General Migration and Home Affairs (DG HOME), Reception Conditions Directive 2013/33/EU, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors, Enhanced intra-EU solidarity in the field of asylum, Dublin statistics on countries responsible for asylum application, Enforcement of immigration legislation statistics, Residence permits - statistics on first permits issued during the year, All publications on asylum and managed migration, Asylum and new asylum applicants - monthly data (tps00189), Persons subject of asylum applications pending at the end of the month - monthly data (tps00190), Asylum and new asylum applicants - annual aggregated data (tps00191), First instance decisions on applications by type of decision - annual aggregated data (tps00192), Final decisions on applications - annual data (tps00193), Asylum applicants considered to be unaccompanied minors - annual data (tps00194), Resettled persons - annual data (tps00195), Asylum applicants by citizenship till 2007 Annual data (rounded), First time asylum applicants by citizenship till December 2007 Monthly data (rounded), Asylum and first time asylum applicants by citizenship, age and sex Annual aggregated data (rounded), Asylum and first time asylum applicants by citizenship, age and sex Monthly data (rounded), Persons subject of asylum applications pending at the end of the month by citizenship, age and sex - Monthly data (rounded), Asylum applications withdrawn by citizenship, age and sex Annual aggregated data (rounded), Asylum applications withdrawn by citizenship, age and sex - Monthly data (rounded), Asylum applicants considered to be unaccompanied minors by citizenship, age and sex Annual data (rounded), Decisions on asylum applications by citizenship till 2007 Annual data (rounded), Decisions on asylum applications by citizenship till December 2007 Monthly data (rounded), First instance decisions on applications by citizenship, age and sex Annual aggregated data (rounded), First instance decisions on applications by citizenship, age and sex Quarterly data (rounded), Decisions withdrawing status granted at first instance decision by type of status withdrawn and by citizenship Annual aggregated data (rounded), Decisions withdrawing status granted at first instance decision by type of status withdrawn and by citizenship Quarterly data (rounded), Final decisions on applications by citizenship, age and sex Annual data (rounded), Decisions withdrawing status granted as final decision by type of status withdrawn Annual data (rounded), Resettled persons by age, sex and citizenship Annual data (rounded), Decisions on applications and resettlement (migr_asydec), European Commission - DG Migration and Home Affairs - Asylum, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Asylum_quarterly_report&oldid=509449. Among children, 17,735 were considered UASC while claiming asylum in Europe … Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! Opinions on the European Union refugee policy in the Netherlands 2016-2018. Main trends in the number of asylum applicants, First-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the, Total applicants includes first-time and repeated applicants. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. The number of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 accounted for 89 % of the total number of asylum applicants[2] (125 000), recorded in the third quarter of 2020 (Figure 1, Table 2). SEPTEMBER 2020. Among them, 38 % were positive (i.e. In the history of statistics on refugees, the last five years have seen the greatest rate of increase on … Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory. These four Member States together account for more than three-quarters (76 %) of all first-time applicants in the EU-27 (Table 2). It puts forward the idea of a common European asylum system (CEAS), in particular, it raises the challenge to establish common procedures and uniform status for those granted asylum or subsidiary protection. Published: 14 Jan 2021 'People are traumatised and scared': Germany's student-run law clinics for refugees bringing more harmonisation to standards of protection by further aligning the EU Member States’ asylum legislation; effective and well-supported practical cooperation; increased solidarity and sense of responsibility among EU Member States, and between the EU and non-member countries. nearly a third of them (202,945) were children. Please check your download folder. Of the 18 100 Syrians who applied for the first time for asylum in the EU in the third quarter of 2020, 60 % were registered in Germany (10 900) while 96 % of 9 600 Venezuelans applied for asylum in Spain (9 200). The number of asylum applicants decreased most in absolute terms for citizens of Albania (3 450 fewer), Turkey (3 180 fewer), Iran (3 040 fewer), Afghanistan (2 940 fewer), Georgia (2 930 fewer), Syria (2 630 fewer), Pakistan (2 540 fewer) and Iraq (2 370 fewer) (Table 1). An estimated 2,275 died or went missing crossing the Mediterranean in 2018, despite a major drop in the number of arrivals reaching European shores. In 2019, more than two-thirds of all refugees came from just five countries: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar. Eurostat depends on statistics supplied by the equivalent of the Home Office in each country. In the 3rd quarter of 2020, 38 % of first instance decisions on asylum applications taken by EU 27 Member States were positive. In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). RYAN BAUGH . Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. Refugees and Asylees: 2019 . The Directorate-General Migration and Home Affairs (DG HOME) is responsible for developing EU policies on asylum. Syrian was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in nine EU Member States, Afghan in five, while Venezuelan, although among the top 3, was the main citizenship in only one EU Member State, namely Spain (Table 3). temporary closure of asylum authorities, suspension of asylum interviews, suspension of lodging applications), which resulted in a drop in the number of asylum applications as well as in the number of decisions issued starting from March 2020. Compared with the population of each Member State, the highest rate of registered first-time applicants during the third quarter of 2020 was recorded in Cyprus (1 848 first-time applicants per million population), followed by Malta (1 320) and Greece (799). Data are based entirely on relevant administrative sources. 201 refugees were resettled via the Vulnerable Children’s Resettlement Scheme in the same time period. Asylum decisions in the EU. We are now witnessing the highest levels of displacement on record. The UK Government also resettles refugees through two other programmes. First-time asylum applicants down by 30 % in Q3 2020 compared with Q3 2019 and up by 132 % compared with Q2 2020 . A swift European response, with the presence of the presidents of the main EU institutions in Greece on 3 March 2020, demonstrated the unity and Among the countries with more than 5 000 applicants in the third quarter of 2020, Greece, France and Germany recorded relative decreases of 51 %, 39 % and 27 % respectively, whereas Spain recorded an increase of 4 %, in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019. The data used for this publication are provided to Eurostat by the interior and justice ministries or immigration agencies of the Member States and EFTA countries. 30 Jan 2019 granting a type of protection status) (Table 5). By contrast, the lowest rates were observed in Hungary (1 applicants per million population), Poland (8 applicants per million population) and Estonia (9 applicants per million population). Refugees from Manus Island and Nauru are now being quietly resettled in Europe and Canada without ... Mosaic has dedicated all of its 2020 spaces to … Spain issued the most total first instance decisions[4] during the third quarter of 2020 (60 200 decisions), followed by Germany (31 000), France (19 700), Greece (13 500), Italy (7 600) and Sweden (3 500) (Figure 4). World refugee statistics for 2019 was 26,079,842.00, a 0.7% increase from 2018. (Table 4). Rate of recognition is the share of (first instance) positive decisions in the total number of decisions at first instance. This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants and first instance decisions on asylum applications in the European Union (EU). The four main legal instruments on asylum — all recently recast — are: The Hague programme was adopted by heads of state and government on 5 November 2004. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. In relative terms, Hungary (95 % fewer), Ireland (75 % fewer), Estonia (65 % fewer), Portugal (64 % fewer) and Lithuania (63 % fewer) recorded the largest relative decreases in first-time asylum seekers. The EASO supports EU Member States in their efforts to implement a more consistent and fair asylum policy. For more detailed information about the distribution of decision outcomes please refer to Table 6. The European Commission’s policy plan on asylum (COM(2008) 360 final) was presented in June 2008 which included three pillars to underpin the development of the CEAS: With this in mind, in 2009 the European Commission made a proposal to establish a European Asylum Support Office (EASO). Refugee Statistics . Since 1999, the EU has worked towards creating a common European asylum regime in accordance with the Geneva Convention and other applicable international instruments. It aims to reduce unsafe and irregular routes and promote sustainable and safe legal pathways for those in need of protection. In 2019, there were 714,200 applications for international protection in the EU plus Norway and Switzerland, which is 13% more than the 634,700 applications received in 2018. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. ... That's because in 2014 and 2015 the majority of refugees and migrants arriving in … Venezuelans received the highest number of decisions granting protection status in the EU Member States, including protection based on national legislations (16 400 positive first instance decisions, or 97 % rate of recognition[5]) (Table 7). It creates faster, seamless migration processes and stronger governance of migration and borders policies, supported by modern IT systems and more effective agencies. Increases in the number of asylum applicants among the thirty main citizenship compared with the third quarter of 2019 were only recorded for Colombians (1 510 more), Hondurans (50 more) and Venezuelans (30 more). In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). By EU 27 Member States accounted together for 91 % of first instance years with …... 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